Wool is the most common rug material and its durability extends generations. It is an incredibly resilient natural fiber that comes from the shearing of sheep (and sometimes other animals like alpacas, goats or llamas). The fibers are cleaned, segregated, carded and spun into yarn.
It is graded by the length of individual hairs and where that hair comes from on the animal’s body. The best wool often comes from the neck, belly and sections under the legs of the sheep, where it tends to be finer, softer and longer. Climate and habitat also contribute to the quality of wool, and most of Jaipur Rugs’ stock is sourced from India, New Zealand and 18 other countries.
The carding and spinning can be done by hand or machine. Machine carded and machine spun makes even and thinner fibers that are less durable, while hand-carded and hand-spun make uneven but durable yarn and gives better character to the finished rug.
It gives a classic matt look and texture varies from source to source. Blends are made to create the desired texture, durability and costing. Wool absorbs moisture and dust, keeps the room safe from allergens and is even fire resistant!